What does suing civil lawsuit mean?


In general terms, a civil lawsuit is the court-based process by which people can seek to hold person B liable for some kind of tort or wrongful act. Usually, if Person A succeeds, he will usually be awarded compensation for damage caused by Person B's action or inaction. (Note: civil lawsuits can also be filed by and against companies and other entities).

So, a civil lawsuit can be filed on a contract dispute, eviction of a dwelling after a broken lease, injuries sustained in a car accident, countless other damages or disputes.

Unlike a criminal case, which looks to punish the perpetrator for a crime, a civil case is aimed at compensating the person who was harmed (usually in the form of financial "compensation" paid from the defendant to the plaintiff).

Civil lawsuit Versus Criminal Cases

The civil court differs from the Criminal Court in a number of main ways.

  • Civil lawsuit Can Be Brought By Anyone.

The civil lawsuit is usually instigated by a private party-a person or company that allegedly suffered some kind of damage or damage. In turn, a criminal case is filed by the prosecutor or another lawyer representing the local government.

  • The Burden of Proof is "Lighter" in a Civil lawsuit.

The "burden of proof" in a civil lawsuit —what must be shown in order for the defendant to be held liable for what the plaintiff claims—is "by the preponderance of the evidence," which means that it is more likely than not that what the plaintiff claims is what actually happened. In a criminal case, the government must show the defendant's guilt" beyond a reasonable doubt", a more stringent criterion for its fulfillment.

  • The Loser in a Civil lawsuit Typically Pays in Dollars Rather Than in Time Behind Bars.

What is at stake in a civil lawsuit can usually be measured in money. The plaintiff asks the court to make a verdict in favor of the plaintiff, and if such a verdict is made, it is usually accompanied by a court order granting the plaintiff a certain amount of money (the so-called compensation award) to be paid by the defendant. Compare that to a criminal case, where if a defendant is convicted of a crime, he or she usually faces the possibility of a prison sentence, probation, a fine, forced performance of community service, or a combination of these.

Personal Injury Lawsuits Are One Type of Civil lawsuit

In the specific context of a personal injury case, a civil lawsuit usually begins with filing a personal injury complaint at the local branch of the civil court system in your state. Common types of personal injury lawsuits include those caused by car accidents, slip and fall accidents, defamation, medical malpractice, defective products, and intentional acts.

While filing a civil lawsuit is the first step in many personal injury cases, keep in mind that the vast majority of these cases will reach a settlement before a court-based trial takes place. Many injury claims are resolved through settlement negotiations before a lawsuit is filed. Learn more about the personal injury case timeline and when to expect a personal injury settlement.

What are the Five most common types of civil lawsuit cases?

The fundamental difference between civil suits and criminal cases is that in civil lawsuit one or both parties seek money or some other form of compensation instead of criminal charges. In general, the prosecution in criminal cases represents the state in which the trial is taking place, but in civil lawsuit both parties are represented by themselves, with the help of a civil litigation lawyer or the legal council. These are some of the most common types of cases to appear in civil court.

  • Contract Disputes

Contract disputes occur when one or more parties who have signed a contract cannot or will not fulfill their obligations. Occasionally, this is due to a contract written in vague terms that creates divergent expectations in the two signatories, but usually it is due to one of the parties overextending himself and not having the money or personnel to fulfill their obligations.

  • Property Disputes

Property law includes disputes about the ownership of property and damage to the property of one person or his real estate. There are many different types of property disputes that a civil litigation attorney may handle. One common one is property line disputes, where one party claims that a neighbor crossed the property line boundary between their two houses for construction or farming.

  • Torts

Tort liability is a civil lawsuit in which one of the parties claims that another party caused them physical or emotional harm. Cases of damage can take different forms, they can relate to the personal safety of a person, the safety of his property and financial security. Common accident and injury-related damages include cases of assault or battery, and cases of negligence in which a party alleges that a caregiver failed to perform his or her assigned duty.

  • Class Action Cases

Class action cases are similar to tort cases, only the prosecution in these cases represents a group or category of people who have all been injured by the same thing. These are common in cases of defective products or exposure to hazardous substances in which the defective item has injured several people before being recalled.

  • Complaints Against the City

Complaints against the city or the federal government are generally settled out of court, but if the government refuses to settle, the complaints are generally considered as civil lawsuit . Such cases can be filed in any situation where the plaintiff claims that the law or policy of the city has caused harm to its citizens.

There are many other types of civil lawsuit , and sometimes civil lawsuit will pursue a criminal case that had an unfavorable outcome for the prosecution. If you think you may have a reason for an issue, contact us at Brent George law to discuss options.

How much does it cost to file a civil lawsuit suit

One thing to understand about filing a civil lawsuit is that it very well may end up costing you money, or at least significantly reduces the amount you earn. While most people understand that you will have to pay the lawyer for his time, there are many other costs to take into account. These include filing fees, witness payments and document preparation. The legal system has a hole to jump through, and most of these steps require some kind of fee. There is no simple answer to how much a civil lawsuit will cost you, because it will depend on your lawyer and where you are.

1- Attorney Fees for a civil lawsuit

However, the biggest cost of a lawsuit is usually attorney’s fees. Under the American rule, Each side is responsible for paying for their own lawyer. There are some exceptions, but in general it depends on the state in which you live. Some of the most common exceptions are in anti-discrimination lawsuits, or in cases where the parties have signed a contract stating that the attorney's fees will be paid by one party. In addition, some states have laws in force that require a plaintiff to pay defendants 'attorneys' fees if the lawsuit has no basis and is a waste of court time.

2- Court Costs for Civil lawsuit

In civil proceedings, the costs are often covered by the losing side. So if you are a plaintiff in a successful lawsuit, your costs will be covered by the defendant. Keep in mind, however, that some states set a limit to how much the losing side is required to cover, so ask your lawyer to estimate what you'll be responsible for before deciding whether the filing is worth it for you.

Also keep in mind that court costs will accumulate the longer the case drags on. The court costs for a small claims court are less than or about $100, depending on the amount of the claim. However, civil court claims can be tens of thousands of dollars, depending on whether they will go to trial or not.

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